John Locke is the classical liberal. Edmund Burke is the epitome of Whiggishness. It is hard to separate them, however, and have a functioning society. Without freedom, the state controls all, but without those small islands (such as families and churches) that protect individuals from the government, there is no freedom. Kay Hymowitz notes that both Hayek and Mises recognized the importance of families as well. Hymowitz suggests that the central dilemma for libertarians today is how to have freedom without encouraging family formation, given that some think families and marriage are an illegitimate function of government.