“The front page of the metro section of The New York Times in 1997 featured Donald Trump’s visit as a PFAD [Principal for a Day] to a Bronx middle school. While there, Trump offered to buy the students sneakers, and one young man asked him why he wouldn’t offer scholarship money instead. This article precipitated a wave of publicity about the merits of private-sector involvement in New York City public schools and concern about the apparent noblesse oblige demonstrated by those involved in PENCIL’S [Public Education Needs Civic Involvement in Learning] programs.” (p. 30)

– Lisa Belzberg, “PENCIL (Public Education Needs Civic Involvement in Learning): A Case Study of Civic Involvement In New York City, 1995-2005,” Dissertation, New York University, 2006.