Two Texas-based criminal justice experts make the case in a new John Locke Foundation report that most 16-year-old offenders should face the juvenile justice system, rather than adult courts.

North Carolina is one of only two states that send all 16-year-olds to the adult court system. Unlike the other state (New York), North Carolina has no process allowing the 16-year-old offender to petition for removal to the juvenile system.

Learn more about the report’s recommendations here.