Kudos to NPR for doing some old-fashioned investigative journalism.  NPR reporter Anya Kamenetz writes,

This spring the U.S. Education Department reported that in the 2015-2016 school year, “nearly 240 schools … reported at least 1 incident involving a school-related shooting.” The number is far higher than most other estimates.

But NPR reached out to every one of those schools repeatedly over the course of three months and found that more than two-thirds of these reported incidents never happened. Child Trends, a nonpartisan nonprofit research organization, assisted NPR in analyzing data from the government’s Civil Rights Data Collection.

We were able to confirm just 11 reported incidents, either directly with schools or through media reports.

The Department of Education receives school crime and violence data from school districts, but it does not verify their accuracy.  In some cases, the school official responsible for completing the Civil Rights Data Collection survey simply made a mistake by entering a number on the wrong line.